Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes, affecting 85-90% of all people with this disease. Diabetes occurs where the pancreatic cells have increased resistance or reduced ability to respond to insulin and absorb glucose (sugar) from the blood into the muscle and fat cells to use for energy.
Usually affects older adults, it is becoming more common in younger adults and teenagers.
This normally occurs together with increased blood pressure, high blood cholesterol and increase body weight.
The condition can be initially managed by a controlled diet and increased exercise. Some people will require oral medication and may eventually need to go on insulin therapy.
Long Term Effects:
Eye disease- damage to the blood vessels behind the eye can cause vision impairment and blindness.
Diabetes can lead to increased risk of infection,sensation lossand reduced circulation, especially in the feet. The combination of numb, insensitive feet (neuropathy) and poor circulation means cuts or injuries may go unnoticed and progress to infected ulcers which may heal poorly.
ThepodiatristatWell Heeled Podiatrywill educate you on your foot health status. Education will be provided about monitoring for infection, diabetes and foot related risks. They will provide you with advice ondaily diabetic foot care and preventative strategies for diabetic foot complications.