Achilles Injury and Pain
Achilles injury and pain is often caused by repetitive trauma and overuse. This results in strain and inflammation within the Achilles tendon.
This type of injury is commonly seen in young people who are very active but can occur in people who are not involved in sport.
The Achilles tendon is the main tendon that attaches the calf muscle to the heel bone. It is very important as it is responsible for lifting the heel when we begin to walk.
This tendon has limited blood supply so it does take longer to heal, causing prolonged pain, if left untreated.
Causes of Achilles Injury and Pain:
- Muscle tightness.
- Over training.
- Poor foot function and abnormalities in the way you walk.
- Flat feet.
- Inappropriate footwear, with little support.
- Weight gain.
- Menopause and hormonal changes.
Symptoms of Achilles Injury and Pain:
- Tenderness at the back of the heel and Achilles Tendon.
- Localised redness, swelling, warmth.
- Reduced mobility or limp on injured side.
- A bump on back of heel may be present.
Treatment for Achilles Injury and Pain:
- Rest, Ice, Compress, Elevate (R.I.C.E) on initial injury.
- Stretching and strengthening program by a podiatrist.
- Heel raises inside shoes to take strain and pressure off the tendon.
- Foot strapping, temporarily.
- Revising training regime and techniques.
- Immobilisation if necessary or temporary avoidance of repetitive activities if very inflamed.
- Appropriate footwear.
- Dry needling and/or prolotherapy. the calf muscle.
- Foot mobilisation therapy
- Customised orthotic therapy to correct any abnormal walking styles.
- Cortisone injection (may increase risk of tendon rupture). Discuss with your podiatrist.
- Surgical lengthening of Achilles tendon preformed by a foot surgeon.
Well Heeled Podiatry will assess your Achilles injury and pain and present you with an individual treatment regime.
We will also provide you with preventative strategies to avoid re-occurrence of your Achilles injury and pain. This will allow you to get back to your usual activity levels and well-being.