Sporting injuries can occur from acute trauma or repetitive stress that results in overuse type injuries, associated with athletic activities. Sports injuries can affect soft tissue (muscle, ligaments and tendons), nerves and bony structures.
Many lower limb overuse sporting injuries treated by podiatrists result from abnormal biomechanics and poor foot and lower limb alignment.
The risk of sporting injuries can be divided up into intrinsic (inside) and extrinsic (outside) factors.
Intrinsic Factor of Sports Injuries Include:
- Physical fitness and nutritional health.
- Psychological factors (poor concentration, anxiety, aggression).
- Previous injury (reduced proprioception,weaken soft tissue structures, scar tissue).
- Mechanical imbalances (poor lower limb alignment, joint instability, altered muscle strength and length).
Extrinsic Factors of Sport Injury Include:
- Type of sport (i.e netballers are more prone to ankle sprains).
- Training (over training, appropriate training surfaces).
- Sport specific skills (i.e bending knees when lading for long jumpers to prevent injury).
- Equipment (hockey stick injuries).
- Environment (hot/cold, wet/dry).
To decrease your risk of injury during sport it is essential that you warm up. This includes an aerobic warm up using 30% of your maximum capacity, which should cause a light sweat.
Benefits of Warm Ups Include:
- Raises body temperature.
- Prepares the body for increase stresses.
- Mentally prepares you.
Dynamic stretching and foam rolling should also be an important part of your warm up regime. you should stretch all the major muscle groups of your body.
Benefits of Stretching Include:
- Increase flexibility.
- Decreases strain on muscles and the risk of injury.
Cool down after physical activity should be a slower intensity to decreases your heart rate. Foam rolling of the muscles used and static stretching is also advisable.
Benefits of Cool Downs Include:
- Reduces lactic acid levels quicker.
- Increases venous return, preventing the pooling of blood in the muscles, causing increased pain and stiffness.
- Allows all body systems to return to a normal state slowly.
These Include conditions such as:
- Achilles Injury
- Ankle Injury/ Sprains
- Stiff Big Toe Joint
- Plantar Fasciitis
- Posterior Tibial Tendon Injury
- Sinus Tarsi Syndrome
- Stress Fractures
Well Heeled Podiatry is experienced in dealing with sports related injury and rehabilitation. An individualised treatment regime will be tailored to your injury needs, to get the best outcomes and desired results.WARNING: This information should be used as a guide only and does not replace professional podiatry advice. The content is provided by Well Heeled Podiatry for educational purposes only and does not in any way replace the need for a face to face consultation with a podiatrist in order to accurately diagnose and treat the condition. Treatment and outcomes will vary between patients depending on the nature of the presenting complaint and subsequent diagnosis of condition.